What is the History of the Nobel Prize?
The Nobel Prize is a prestigious international award that recognizes outstanding achievements in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, peace, and economics. The prize was established by the will of Alfred Nobel, a Swedish chemist, engineer, and inventor of dynamite, who died in 1896. Nobel wanted to use his fortune to honour those who have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind
The first Nobel Prizes were awarded in 1901, five years after Nobel’s death. The prizes are administered by various institutions in Sweden and Norway, according to Nobel’s wishes. Each prize consists of a gold medal, a diploma, and a sum of money that varies each year. The laureates are selected by different committees and academies that evaluate the nominations received from qualified individuals and organisations
What is the History of the Nobel Prize? Since 1901, the Nobel Prizes have been awarded 609 times to 975 people and 25 organizations. Some notable laureates include Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, Martin Luther King Jr., Mother Teresa, Nelson Mandela, and Malala Yousafzai.
Some laureates have received more than one prize, such as John Bardeen (Physics in 1956 and 1972) and Linus Pauling (Chemistry in 1954 and Peace in 1962). The International Committee of the Red Cross has received the Nobel Peace Prize three times (1917, 1944, and 1963)
The Nobel Prize is widely regarded as the most prestigious award in the world and has a significant impact on the fields of science, literature, and peace. The prize also attracts public attention and media coverage, as well as criticism and controversy.
Some of the issues that have been raised include the political and ideological biases of the committees, the exclusion or omission of deserving candidates, the recognition of controversial or questionable achievements, and the ethical implications of some discoveries or actions